Fractal-like aggregates based on the Mildner reference

Parameter Description Units Default value
scale Source intensity None 1
background Source background cm-1 0.001
radius Particle radius 10
fractal_dim_surf Surface fractal dimension None 2
cutoff_length Cut-off Length 500

The returned value is scaled to units of cm-1 sr-1, absolute scale.

This model calculates the scattering from fractal-like aggregates based on the Mildner reference.


The scattering intensity \(I(q)\) is calculated as

\[\begin{split}I(q) &= \text{scale} \times P(q)S(q) + \text{background} \\ P(q) &= F(qR)^2 \\ F(x) &= \frac{3\left[\sin(x)-x\cos(x)\right]}{x^3} \\ S(q) &= \Gamma(5-D_S)\xi^{\,5-D_S}\left[1+(q\xi)^2 \right]^{-(5-D_S)/2} \sin\left[-(5-D_S) \tan^{-1}(q\xi) \right] q^{-1} \\ \text{scale} &= \text{scale_factor}\, N V^2(\rho_\text{particle} - \rho_\text{solvent})^2 \\ V &= \frac{4}{3}\pi R^3\end{split}\]

where \(R\) is the radius of the building block, \(D_S\) is the surface fractal dimension, \(\xi\) is the cut-off length, \(\rho_\text{solvent}\) is the scattering length density of the solvent and \(\rho_\text{particle}\) is the scattering length density of particles.


The surface fractal dimension is only valid if \(1<D_S<3\). The result is only valid over a limited \(q\) range, \(\tfrac{5}{3-D_S}\xi^{\,-1} < q < R^{-1}\). See the reference for details.


Fig. 105 1D plot corresponding to the default parameters of the model.


D Mildner and P Hall, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 19 (1986) 1535-1545