Source code for sas.sascalc.file_converter.nxcansas_writer

    NXcanSAS 1/2D data reader for writing HDF5 formatted NXcanSAS files.

import h5py
import numpy as np
import re
import os

from sas.sascalc.dataloader.readers.cansas_reader_HDF5 import Reader as Cansas2Reader
from sas.sascalc.dataloader.data_info import Data1D, Data2D

[docs]class NXcanSASWriter(Cansas2Reader): """ A class for writing in NXcanSAS data files. Any number of data sets may be written to the file. Currently 1D and 2D SAS data sets are supported NXcanSAS spec: :Dependencies: The NXcanSAS writer requires h5py => v2.5.0 or later. """
[docs] def write(self, dataset, filename): """ Write an array of Data1d or Data2D objects to an NXcanSAS file, as one SASEntry with multiple SASData elements. The metadata of the first elememt in the array will be written as the SASentry metadata (detector, instrument, sample, etc). :param dataset: A list of Data1D or Data2D objects to write :param filename: Where to write the NXcanSAS file """ def _h5_string(string): """ Convert a string to a numpy string in a numpy array. This way it is written to the HDF5 file as a fixed length ASCII string and is compatible with the Reader read() method. """ if isinstance(string, np.ndarray): return string elif not isinstance(string, str): string = str(string) return np.array([np.string_(string)]) def _write_h5_string(entry, value, key): entry[key] = _h5_string(value) def _h5_float(x): if not (isinstance(x, list)): x = [x] return np.array(x, dtype=np.float32) def _write_h5_float(entry, value, key): entry.create_dataset(key, data=_h5_float(value)) def _write_h5_vector(entry, vector, names=['x_position', 'y_position'], units=None, write_fn=_write_h5_string): """ Write a vector to an h5 entry :param entry: The H5Py entry to write to :param vector: The Vector to write :param names: What to call the x,y and z components of the vector when writing to the H5Py entry :param units: The units of the vector (optional) :param write_fn: A function to convert the value to the required format and write it to the H5Py entry, of the form f(entry, value, name) (optional) """ if len(names) < 2: raise ValueError("Length of names must be >= 2.") if vector.x is not None: write_fn(entry, vector.x, names[0]) if units is not None: entry[names[0]].attrs['units'] = units if vector.y is not None: write_fn(entry, vector.y, names[1]) if units is not None: entry[names[1]].attrs['units'] = units if len(names) == 3 and vector.z is not None: write_fn(entry, vector.z, names[2]) if units is not None: entry[names[2]].attrs['units'] = units valid_data = all([issubclass(d.__class__, (Data1D, Data2D)) for d in dataset]) if not valid_data: raise ValueError("All entries of dataset must be Data1D or Data2D objects") # Get run name and number from first Data object data_info = dataset[0] run_number = '' run_name = '' if len( > 0: run_number =[0] if len(data_info.run_name) > 0: run_name = data_info.run_name[run_number] f = h5py.File(filename, 'w') sasentry = f.create_group('sasentry01') sasentry['definition'] = _h5_string('NXcanSAS') sasentry['run'] = _h5_string(run_number) sasentry['run'].attrs['name'] = run_name sasentry['title'] = _h5_string(data_info.title) sasentry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SASentry' sasentry.attrs['version'] = '1.0' i = 1 for data_obj in dataset: data_entry = sasentry.create_group("sasdata{0:0=2d}".format(i)) data_entry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SASdata' if isinstance(data_obj, Data1D): self._write_1d_data(data_obj, data_entry) elif isinstance(data_obj, Data2D): self._write_2d_data(data_obj, data_entry) i += 1 data_info = dataset[0] # Sample metadata sample_entry = sasentry.create_group('sassample') sample_entry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SASsample' sample_entry['ID'] = _h5_string( sample_attrs = ['thickness', 'temperature', 'transmission'] for key in sample_attrs: if getattr(data_info.sample, key) is not None: sample_entry.create_dataset(key, data=_h5_float(getattr(data_info.sample, key))) _write_h5_vector(sample_entry, data_info.sample.position) # NXcanSAS doesn't save information about pitch, only roll # and yaw. The _write_h5_vector method writes vector.y, but we # need to write vector.z for yaw data_info.sample.orientation.y = data_info.sample.orientation.z _write_h5_vector(sample_entry, data_info.sample.orientation, names=['polar_angle', 'azimuthal_angle']) if data_info.sample.details is not None\ and data_info.sample.details != []: details = None if len(data_info.sample.details) > 1: details = [np.string_(d) for d in data_info.sample.details] details = np.array(details) elif data_info.sample.details != []: details = _h5_string(data_info.sample.details[0]) if details is not None: sample_entry.create_dataset('details', data=details) # Instrumment metadata instrument_entry = sasentry.create_group('sasinstrument') instrument_entry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SASinstrument' instrument_entry['name'] = _h5_string(data_info.instrument) # Source metadata source_entry = instrument_entry.create_group('sassource') source_entry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SASsource' if data_info.source.radiation is None: source_entry['radiation'] = _h5_string('neutron') else: source_entry['radiation'] = _h5_string(data_info.source.radiation) if data_info.source.beam_shape is not None: source_entry['beam_shape'] = _h5_string(data_info.source.beam_shape) wavelength_keys = { 'wavelength': 'incident_wavelength', 'wavelength_min':'wavelength_min', 'wavelength_max': 'wavelength_max', 'wavelength_spread': 'incident_wavelength_spread' } for sasname, nxname in wavelength_keys.iteritems(): value = getattr(data_info.source, sasname) units = getattr(data_info.source, sasname + '_unit') if value is not None: source_entry[nxname] = _h5_float(value) source_entry[nxname].attrs['units'] = units _write_h5_vector(source_entry, data_info.source.beam_size, names=['beam_size_x', 'beam_size_y'], units=data_info.source.beam_size_unit, write_fn=_write_h5_float) # Collimation metadata if len(data_info.collimation) > 0: i = 1 for coll_info in data_info.collimation: collimation_entry = instrument_entry.create_group( 'sascollimation{0:0=2d}'.format(i)) collimation_entry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SAScollimation' if coll_info.length is not None: _write_h5_float(collimation_entry, coll_info.length, 'SDD') collimation_entry['SDD'].attrs['units'] = coll_info.length_unit if is not None: collimation_entry['name'] = _h5_string( else: # Create a blank one - at least 1 set of collimation metadata # required by format collimation_entry = instrument_entry.create_group('sascollimation01') # Detector metadata if len(data_info.detector) > 0: i = 1 for det_info in data_info.detector: detector_entry = instrument_entry.create_group( 'sasdetector{0:0=2d}'.format(i)) detector_entry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SASdetector' if det_info.distance is not None: _write_h5_float(detector_entry, det_info.distance, 'SDD') detector_entry['SDD'].attrs['units'] = det_info.distance_unit if is not None: detector_entry['name'] = _h5_string( else: detector_entry['name'] = _h5_string('') if det_info.slit_length is not None: _write_h5_float(detector_entry, det_info.slit_length, 'slit_length') detector_entry['slit_length'].attrs['units'] = det_info.slit_length_unit _write_h5_vector(detector_entry, det_info.offset) # NXcanSAS doesn't save information about pitch, only roll # and yaw. The _write_h5_vector method writes vector.y, but we # need to write vector.z for yaw det_info.orientation.y = det_info.orientation.z _write_h5_vector(detector_entry, det_info.orientation, names=['polar_angle', 'azimuthal_angle']) _write_h5_vector(detector_entry, det_info.beam_center, names=['beam_center_x', 'beam_center_y'], write_fn=_write_h5_float, units=det_info.beam_center_unit) _write_h5_vector(detector_entry, det_info.pixel_size, names=['x_pixel_size', 'y_pixel_size'], write_fn=_write_h5_float, units=det_info.pixel_size_unit) i += 1 else: # Create a blank one - at least 1 detector required by format detector_entry = instrument_entry.create_group('sasdetector01') detector_entry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SASdetector' detector_entry.attrs['name'] = '' note_entry = sasentry.create_group('sasnote'.format(i)) note_entry.attrs['canSAS_class'] = 'SASnote' notes = None if len(data_info.notes) > 1: notes = [np.string_(n) for n in data_info.notes] notes = np.array(notes) elif data_info.notes != []: notes = _h5_string(data_info.notes[0]) if notes is not None: note_entry.create_dataset('SASnote', data=notes) f.close()
def _write_1d_data(self, data_obj, data_entry): """ Writes the contents of a Data1D object to a SASdata h5py Group :param data_obj: A Data1D object to write to the file :param data_entry: A h5py Group object representing the SASdata """ data_entry.attrs['signal'] = 'I' data_entry.attrs['I_axes'] = 'Q' data_entry.attrs['I_uncertainties'] = 'Idev' data_entry.attrs['Q_indicies'] = 0 dI = data_obj.dy if dI is None: dI = np.zeros((data_obj.y.shape)) data_entry.create_dataset('Q', data=data_obj.x) data_entry.create_dataset('I', data=data_obj.y) data_entry.create_dataset('Idev', data=dI) def _write_2d_data(self, data, data_entry): """ Writes the contents of a Data2D object to a SASdata h5py Group :param data: A Data2D object to write to the file :param data_entry: A h5py Group object representing the SASdata """ data_entry.attrs['signal'] = 'I' data_entry.attrs['I_axes'] = 'Q,Q' data_entry.attrs['I_uncertainties'] = 'Idev' data_entry.attrs['Q_indicies'] = [0,1] (n_rows, n_cols) = (len(data.y_bins), len(data.x_bins)) if n_rows == 0 and n_cols == 0: # Calculate rows and columns, assuming detector is square # Same logic as used in _get_bins n_cols = int(np.floor(np.sqrt(len(data.qy_data)))) n_rows = int(np.floor(len(data.qy_data) / n_cols)) if n_rows * n_cols != len(data.qy_data): raise ValueError("Unable to calculate dimensions of 2D data") I = np.reshape(, (n_rows, n_cols)) dI = np.zeros((n_rows, n_cols)) if not all(data.err_data == [None]): dI = np.reshape(data.err_data, (n_rows, n_cols)) qx = np.reshape(data.qx_data, (n_rows, n_cols)) qy = np.reshape(data.qy_data, (n_rows, n_cols)) I_entry = data_entry.create_dataset('I', data=I) I_entry.attrs['units'] = data.I_unit Qx_entry = data_entry.create_dataset('Qx', data=qx) Qx_entry.attrs['units'] = data.Q_unit Qy_entry = data_entry.create_dataset('Qy', data=qy) Qy_entry.attrs['units'] = data.Q_unit Idev_entry = data_entry.create_dataset('Idev', data=dI) Idev_entry.attrs['units'] = data.I_unit