# core_shell_cylinder

Right circular cylinder with a core-shell scattering length density profile.

Parameter |
Description |
Units |
Default value |
---|---|---|---|

scale |
Scale factor or Volume fraction |
None |
1 |

background |
Source background |
cm |
0.001 |

sld_core |
Cylinder core scattering length density |
10 |
4 |

sld_shell |
Cylinder shell scattering length density |
10 |
4 |

sld_solvent |
Solvent scattering length density |
10 |
1 |

radius |
Cylinder core radius |
Å |
20 |

thickness |
Cylinder shell thickness |
Å |
20 |

length |
Cylinder length |
Å |
400 |

theta |
cylinder axis to beam angle |
degree |
60 |

phi |
rotation about beam |
degree |
60 |

The returned value is scaled to units of cm^{-1} sr^{-1}, absolute scale.

**Definition**

The output of the 2D scattering intensity function for oriented core-shell cylinders is given by Kline [2]. The form factor is normalized by the particle volume. Note that in this model the shell envelops the entire core so that besides a “sleeve” around the core, the shell also provides two flat end caps of thickness = shell thickness. In other words the length of the total cylinder is the length of the core cylinder plus twice the thickness of the shell. If no end caps are desired one should use the core_shell_bicelle and set the thickness of the end caps (in this case the “thick_face”) to zero.

where

and

and \(\alpha\) is the angle between the axis of the cylinder and \(\vec q\),
\(V_s\) is the total volume (i.e. including both the core and the outer shell),
\(V_c\) is the volume of the core, \(L\) is the length of the core,
\(R\) is the radius of the core, \(T\) is the thickness of the shell, \(\rho_c\)
is the scattering length density of the core, \(\rho_s\) is the scattering
length density of the shell, \(\rho_\text{solv}\) is the scattering length
density of the solvent, and *background* is the background level. The outer
radius of the shell is given by \(R+T\) and the total length of the outer
shell is given by \(L+2T\). \(J_1\) is the first order Bessel function.

To provide easy access to the orientation of the core-shell cylinder, we define the axis of the cylinder using two angles \(\theta\) and \(\phi\). (see cylinder model)

NB: The 2nd virial coefficient of the cylinder is calculated based on the radius and 2 length values, and used as the effective radius for \(S(q)\) when \(P(q) \cdot S(q)\) is applied.

The \(\theta\) and \(\phi\) parameters are not used for the 1D output.

**Source**

`core_shell_cylinder.py`

\(\ \star\ \) `core_shell_cylinder.c`

\(\ \star\ \) `gauss76.c`

\(\ \star\ \) `sas_J1.c`

\(\ \star\ \) `polevl.c`

**Reference**

See also Livsey [1] and Onsager [3].

**Authorship and Verification**

**Author:**NIST IGOR/DANSE**Date:**pre 2010**Last Modified by:**Paul Kienzle**Date:**Aug 8, 2016**Last Reviewed by:**Richard Heenan**Date:**March 18, 2016