# core_shell_cylinder

Right circular cylinder with a core-shell scattering length density profile.

Parameter

Description

Units

Default value

scale

Scale factor or Volume fraction

None

1

background

Source background

cm-1

0.001

sld_core

Cylinder core scattering length density

10-6-2

4

sld_shell

Cylinder shell scattering length density

10-6-2

4

sld_solvent

Solvent scattering length density

10-6-2

1

20

thickness

Cylinder shell thickness

20

length

Cylinder length

400

theta

cylinder axis to beam angle

degree

60

phi

degree

60

The returned value is scaled to units of cm-1 sr-1, absolute scale.

Definition

The output of the 2D scattering intensity function for oriented core-shell cylinders is given by Kline . The form factor is normalized by the particle volume. Note that in this model the shell envelops the entire core so that besides a “sleeve” around the core, the shell also provides two flat end caps of thickness = shell thickness. In other words the length of the total cylinder is the length of the core cylinder plus twice the thickness of the shell. If no end caps are desired one should use the core_shell_bicelle and set the thickness of the end caps (in this case the “thick_face”) to zero.

$I(q,\alpha) = \frac{\text{scale}}{V_s} F^2(q,\alpha).sin(\alpha) + \text{background}$

where

$\begin{split}F(q,\alpha) = &\ (\rho_c - \rho_s) V_c \frac{\sin \left( q \tfrac12 L\cos\alpha \right)} {q \tfrac12 L\cos\alpha} \frac{2 J_1 \left( qR\sin\alpha \right)} {qR\sin\alpha} \\ &\ + (\rho_s - \rho_\text{solv}) V_s \frac{\sin \left( q \left(\tfrac12 L+T\right) \cos\alpha \right)} {q \left(\tfrac12 L +T \right) \cos\alpha} \frac{ 2 J_1 \left( q(R+T)\sin\alpha \right)} {q(R+T)\sin\alpha}\end{split}$

and

$V_s = \pi (R + T)^2 (L + 2T)$

and $$\alpha$$ is the angle between the axis of the cylinder and $$\vec q$$, $$V_s$$ is the total volume (i.e. including both the core and the outer shell), $$V_c$$ is the volume of the core, $$L$$ is the length of the core, $$R$$ is the radius of the core, $$T$$ is the thickness of the shell, $$\rho_c$$ is the scattering length density of the core, $$\rho_s$$ is the scattering length density of the shell, $$\rho_\text{solv}$$ is the scattering length density of the solvent, and background is the background level. The outer radius of the shell is given by $$R+T$$ and the total length of the outer shell is given by $$L+2T$$. $$J_1$$ is the first order Bessel function.

To provide easy access to the orientation of the core-shell cylinder, we define the axis of the cylinder using two angles $$\theta$$ and $$\phi$$. (see cylinder model)

NB: The 2nd virial coefficient of the cylinder is calculated based on the radius and 2 length values, and used as the effective radius for $$S(q)$$ when $$P(q) \cdot S(q)$$ is applied.

The $$\theta$$ and $$\phi$$ parameters are not used for the 1D output. Fig. 20 1D and 2D plots corresponding to the default parameters of the model.

Source

core_shell_cylinder.py $$\ \star\$$ core_shell_cylinder.c $$\ \star\$$ gauss76.c $$\ \star\$$ sas_J1.c $$\ \star\$$ polevl.c

Reference