# star_polymer

Star polymer model with Gaussian statistics

Parameter |
Description |
Units |
Default value |
---|---|---|---|

scale |
Scale factor or Volume fraction |
None |
1 |

background |
Source background |
cm |
0.001 |

rg_squared |
Ensemble radius of gyration SQUARED of the full polymer |
Å |
100 |

arms |
Number of arms in the model |
None |
3 |

The returned value is scaled to units of cm^{-1} sr^{-1}, absolute scale.

**Definition**

Calcuates the scattering from a simple star polymer with f equal Gaussian coil
arms. A star being defined as a branched polymer with all the branches
emanating from a common central (in the case of this model) point. It is
derived as a special case of on the Benoit model for general branched
polymers[1] as also used by Richter *et al.*[2]

For a star with \(f\) arms the scattering intensity \(I(q)\) is calculated as

where

and

contains the square of the ensemble average radius-of-gyration of the full polymer while v contains the radius of gyration of a single arm \(R_{arm}\). The two are related as:

Note that when there is only one arm, \(f = 1\), the Debye Gaussian coil equation is recovered.

Note

Star polymers in solutions tend to have strong interparticle and osmotic effects. Thus the Benoit equation may not work well for many real cases. A newer model for star polymer incorporating excluded volume has been developed by Li et al in arXiv:1404.6269 [physics.chem-ph]. Also, at small \(q\) the scattering, i.e. the Guinier term, is not sensitive to the number of arms, and hence ‘scale’ here is simply \(I(q=0)\) as described for the mono_gauss_coil model, using volume fraction \(\phi\) and volume V for the whole star polymer.

**Source**

`star_polymer.py`

\(\ \star\ \) `star_polymer.c`

**References**

**Authorship and Verification**

**Author:**Kieran Campbell**Date:**July 24, 2012**Last Modified by:**Paul Butler**Date:**Auguts 26, 2017**Last Reviewed by:**Ziang Li and Richard Heenan**Date:**May 17, 2017